Weight loss surgery is considered an effective tool in the treatment of obesity. In addition to the resulting weight loss, this type of intervention can improve or reduce associated diseases and risk factors such as high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. Diseases associated with the digestive system are more common in obese people. Problems related to digestive system that may not be seen before surgery may be seen.
Constipation is a common complaint seen after sleeve gastrectomy surgery. Approximately half of the patients who have surgery have short or long-term constipation. There is a marked decrease in bowel movements after sleeve gastrectomy surgery. Because of the decrease in stool passage time due to a decrease in bowel movements, the frequency of defecation occurs and this causes constipation.
Since there is less food consumption after tube stomach surgery, sufficient fiber cannot be taken and a decrease in the amount and frequency of defecation occurs. Constipation is seen more frequently in this period, especially since the first fifteen days after surgery are fed with liquid foods and fiber foods are not consumed. As food variety increases and fiber-rich foods consume, stool occurs and normal defecation occurs.
In the treatment of constipation, we must first make changes in our lifestyle.
1) We should consume at least 2 liters of water a day.
2) We should do regular physical activity every day. Regular brisk walking is the most ideal.
3) We should consume 2-3 apricots or dried figs a day.
4) The foods we consume should be high fiber foods, not carbohydrates.
If our complaints do not improve with these non-drug regulations, drug therapy can be used. There are drugs that increase bowel movements or draw fluids into the bowel and soften the stool. These drugs should not be used for a long time.